En español l For a long time doctors dismissed forgetfulness and mental confusion as a normal part of aging. Midazolam (Versed) has particularly marked amnesic properties. But scientists now know that memory loss as you get older is by no means inevitable. Alternatives: Benzodiazepines should be prescribed only rarely in older adults, in my judgment, and then only for short periods of time. Indeed, the brain can grow new brain cells and reshape their connections throughout life. It takes older people much longer than younger people to flush these drugs out of their bodies, and the ensuing buildup puts older adults at higher risk for not just memory loss, but delirium, falls, fractures and motor vehicle accidents. Most people are familiar with at least some of the things that can impair memory, including alcohol and drug abuse, heavy cigarette smoking, head injuries, stroke, sleep deprivation, severe stress, vitamin B12 deficiency, and illnesses such as Alzheimer's disease and depression. If you take one of these meds for insomnia, mild anxiety or agitation, talk with your doctor or other health care professional about treating your condition with other types of drugs or nondrug treatments. But what many people don't realize is that many commonly prescribed drugs also can interfere with memory. Why they are prescribed: Benzodiazepines are used to treat a variety of anxiety disorders, agitation, delirium and muscle spasms, and to prevent seizures. If you have insomnia, for instance, melatonin might help. Because benzodiazepines have a sedative effect, they are sometimes used to treat insomnia and the anxiety that can accompany depression. Taken before bedtime in doses from 3 to 10 mg, melatonin can help to reestablish healthy sleep patterns. Examples: Alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), flurazepam (Dalmane), lorazepam (Ativan), midazolam (Versed), quazepam (Doral), temazepam (Restoril) and triazolam (Halcion). Be sure to consult your health care professional before stopping or reducing the dosage of any benzodiazepine. A decongestant, or nasal decongestant, is a type of pharmaceutical drug that is used to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract. The active ingredient in most decongestants is either pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine (the latter of which has disputed effectiveness). Intranasal corticosteroids can also be used as decongestants and antihistamines can be used to alleviate runny nose, nasal itch, and sneezing. Topical decongestants on topical application as dilute solution (0.05–0.1%) produce local vasoconstriction. Regular use of decongestants for long periods should be avoided because mucosal ciliary function is impaired: atrophic rhinitis and anosmia (loss of the sense of smell) can occur due to persistent vasoconstriction. Decongestants can be absorbed from the nose via an inhaler and produce systemic effects, mainly central nervous system stimulation and rise in blood pressure. These drugs should be used cautiously in hypertensives and in those receiving monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), as they can cause hypertensive crisis.
• Hypertension • Angina pectoris • Tachyarrhythmias, in particular supraventricular tachycardia • Maintenance treatment after a myocardial infarction • Prophylaxis of migraine Metoprolol is indicated in adults. Metoprolol tartrate tablets should be administered orally. The dose must always be adjusted to the individual requirements of the patient. The following are guidelines: Hypertension The usual dose is 100mg to 200mg daily, given as a single dose in the morning, or in divided doses (morning and evening). Dose increments should be at weekly intervals thereafter according to individual patient responses. If necessary, it may be taken in combination with other antihypertensive drugs. Angina pectoris The usual dose is 100 to 200 mg daily, given in divided doses (morning and evening). Dose increments should be at weekly intervals thereafter according to individual patient responses. Maximum dose, usually 200mg daily (in divided doses). If necessary, it may be taken in combination with other antianginal drugs. Cardiac arrhythmias The usual dose is 100 to 150 mg per day, in divided doses (in the morning and in the evening). Myocardial infarctions The oral treatment can be initiated once the patient is haemodynamically stable. Carole Anne Tomlinson is a registered nurse with experience in rehabilitation, nutrition, chemical dependency, diabetes and health problems related to the elderly. Tomlinson holds a Bachelor of Arts in criminal justice and is presently working on her master's degree in nursing. Her screenplays have been viewed by Merchant Ivory, Angela Lansbury and Steven King's associates. View Full Profile Taking metoprolol 25 mg tablets can cause some more common serious side effects that affect how your body functions. This medication changes how your heart beats, so it can have a range of effects. It can, for example, make you feel very tired, even if you have gotten enough rest and have not engaged in strenuous activities. This also can extend to an overall feeling of weakness throughout your body.
Premature ventricular contractions or PVCs can cause severe symptoms. In rare cases PVCs are dangerous. Dr. John Day shares how to stop PVCs. Ergotamines were the first class of drugs used specifically for migraines. They cause blood vessels around your brain to contract and can relieve a migraine within a few minutes.